What is Planter Fasciitis?

Plantar fasciitis is a painful inflammation of the tissue on the bottom of your foot between the ball of your foot and the heel. It is called the plantar fascia and it is a thick , fibrous band of connective tissue. When placed under excessive stress, the plantar fascia stretches too far and tears, resulting in inflammation. This stress can build up gradually, or it may be the result of a sudden occurence.
The most common causes include:
  • Weakend arches from either flat feet (pronation) or hight aches (supination)
  • A sudden increase in activity, or change in workouts
  • Increased weight gain, either from obesity or pregnancy
  • Poorly fitting footwear, ie flip flops or high heels


The main symptom of plantar fasciitis is heel pain when you walk, particularly first thing in the morning. This is because the fascia is held in a shortened postion all night when you sleep, and when you put your full weight down on the foot first thing in the morning, the tissue is under a sudden increased stretch and causes the fascia to be extremely painful. This will cause you to limp for the first few steps, until the fascia slowly stretches out again. A cycle then begins , of pain every morning or after sitting for long periods; a sudden increase of pain with weight bearing, and then fading as you walk or gently stretching the fascia out. This painful cycle can last for months or even years , because the fascia begins to get thicker, and thicker with scar tissue.
For mild cases of plantar fasciitis it may be enough to stretch more frequently, build more rests into your routine , and ensure you have proper footwear.
In more severe cases, you may need to seek the advise of a health professional. A few tips may help:
  • Never go barefoot in your home, find a comfortable pair of shoes with extra cushion
  • Avoid worn-out shoes and if running, try to run on a soft surface
  • Consider switching your workouts to non-weightbearing activies like swimming, or cycling
  • Ice when painful, and heat before your stretches to increase the elasticity of the tissues
If your symptoms persist your health care provider may suggest physiotherapy. The goals of physiotherapy are to help reduce the inflammation through various treatment modalities, stretch out the tight plantar fascia and then strengthen the lower leg muscles to help stabilize the ankle and heel. Sometimes taping the arch is beneficial, a change in footwear, and the use of orthotics. In particularly chronic cases, the use of shockwave therapy has been hugely successful. Cortisone and surgery are rarely considered.

Are You Suffering from Chronic Pain?

IMS might be the answer!

Intamuscular Stimulation (IMS) is an anatomy-specific form of acupuncture performed by specially trained physiotherapists and some doctors. It is a very effective treatment for chronic pain of neuropathic origin. IMS was developed by Dr. Chan Gunn in Vancouver, while he was a Workers' Compensation board physician in British Columbia in the 1970s. Dr. Gunn has introduced "neuropathic pain", to describe the type of pain that occurs when nerves malfunction following minor irritation. Nerves and nerve-endings become extremely sensitive and cause innocent, harmless signals to be exaggerated as painful ones (Known as supersensitivity), even when extensive medical tests show there is nothing wrong. 


Read more

Sitting is the new Smoking

In a 2014 New York Times article is was quoted, "the more hours that people spend sitting, the more likely they are to develop diabetes, heart disease and other conditions, and potentially die ...
Read more

Concussion Management

Concussions have become the new hot topic among the sporting world, and it's an old problem that is now taking a front seat within the medical community. Concussions most commonly occur during or...
Read more

What is Planter Fasciitis?

Plantar fasciitis is a painful inflammation of the tissue on the bottom of your foot between the ball of your foot and the heel. It is called the plantar fascia and it is a thick , fibrous band of...
Read more

Is your Smartphone causing you poor posture?

The increased use of smartphones and tablets has encouraged a forward head posture in many people, and over time the head adapts to this position. In the past, this common head position was known as...
Read more

Travel in Comfort

Travelling is one of life’s many enjoyments. For many it is what they work towards each year, and it brings them adventure and memories they will have for a lifetime. But travelling in a car or ...
Read more